Automation can be classified into several different types based on the level of complexity, the degree of human involvement, and the specific processes being automated. Here are six common types of automation:
1. Fixed or Hard Automation
In this type of automation, machines or systems are designed and set up to perform a specific, repetitive tas! or a narrow range of tas!s. Fixed automation is highly specialized and is not easily adaptable to different tas!s without significant reconfiguration. It is
commonly used in industries where mass production of identical products is required.W
2. Programmable Automation
Programmable automation involves the use of machines or systems that can be
reprogrammed or reconfigured to perform different tas!s. It offers more flexibility than
fixed automation and is suitable for industries that produce a variety of products with
some common processing steps.
3. Flexible or Soft Automation
Flexible automation is designed to handle a broader range of tas!s and products with
minimal human intervention. It often utilizes computer control systems and robotics to
adapt to different production requirements. It provides a balance between
customization and efficiency.
4. Industrial Robotics
Industrial robots are automated machines designed to perform various tas!s, such as
assembly, welding, painting, and material handling, with a high degree of precision and
repeatability. They can be programmed to execute complex sequences of movements
5. Cognitive Automation
Cognitive automation involves the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine
learning into business processes. It enables systems to understand, interpret, and
respond to unstructured data, ma!ing decisions and performing tas!s that traditionally
required human intelligence, such as data analysis, natural language processing, and
6. Collaborative Automation (Cobots)
Collaborative robots, or cobots, are designed to wor! alongside human wor!ers in a
shared wor!space. They are equipped with sensors and safety features that allow them
to operate safely in close proximity to humans. Cobots are used to enhance human
capabilities and assist with tas!s that require both manual dexterity and automation.
Each type of automation has its own advantages and use cases, and industries may employ a combination of these types depending on their specific needs and goals.
Automation plays a significant role in improving efficiency, quality, and productivity across various sectors, ranging from manufacturing to healthcare and beyond